It’s sometimes said that it’s important to tune the kick drum to the key of the song.
While it’s commonly said in relation to electronic music, it’s certainly not restricted to that genre. Drummers tune their acoustic drum kits, no matter what genre they play. Often the individual kit pieces are tuned together so they sound consonant as a whole, similar to the way each string on a guitar is tuned in relation to all the others. Many other (membrane-impact) percussion instruments can be tuned as well.
When a drum kit is tuned, however, it is often tuned for tone, rather than any particular ‘note’ or ‘key’. A drummer in a rock band doesn’t retune the entire drum kit in between songs if there are two songs in different keys. Similarly, the drum kit doesn’t change its tuning if there is a key change in the middle of a song, or if there are several different chords in the song.
Of course, there are different possibilities with electronic music. You could, if you wanted, change the tuning if the key of the song changes midway. You could even change the tuning of the kick drum every time there is a chord change.
But just because we can, doesn’t mean we should…
As with an acoustic drum kit, the tuning of an electronic kick drum is more about tone than note. Certainly there is a consonance that occurs when the kick and bass are tuned similarly, but the tuning of the kick drum has a much bigger effect on its tone – its character and how it fits in the mix.
So, by all means consider the key of the song and the notes played in the bass when choosing and tuning your kick drum… but keep in mind that your choices shouldn’t be solely based on this! In other words, don’t let the kick or the mix suffer for the sake of tuning!
The other important thing to remember is not to hold yourself back from using a variety of chords or keys in your song. Being too tied to the tuning of the kick might cause you to avoid this – to the detriment of the song. It’s more important to express yourself musically using all the compositional techniques at your disposal than it is to keep the kick in key with the bass all the time.
So next time you’re thinking of tuning your kick drum, think about why you’re doing it and make sure you don’t get carried away!